LoR Guide: Game Mechanics and Effect Keywords (+Examples)

LoR Guide: Game Mechanics and Effect Keywords (+Examples)

The Basics of Legends of Runeterra

In this guide, we’ll cover the core Legends of Runeterra game mechanics along with the keywords found in the game with card examples for each.

We’ll be focusing on the constructed mode for now and will update it as the game changes and adds new modes.

The TLDR Basics:

LoR is a card game where you use the champions and regions of League of Legends to build a deck and battle an opposing player.

general gameplay shot

Each deck is comprised of 40 cards and can be created from a maximum of two regions (we’ll discuss these more later on).

Players begin the game with a max of 20 Health representing their Nexus. Just like in League, the goal of the game is to destroy the enemy’s Nexus before they destroy yours!

Nexus Health

Opening Hand and Mulligan

At the beginning of a match, both players draw 4 cards and have the option to mulligan once.

Mulligan example

You can choose as many cards as you want to be replaced and you will not be penalized (in some card games you may lose opening cards if you mulligan).

Rounds, Turns, and Actions

LoR has a very unique approach to its gameplay compared to other card games due to its rounds, turns, and actions.

Your action example

Basically, the two players alternate starting a round, this is selected at random in Round 1.  When a round begins, both players gain a mana gem and draw one card.

The player who goes first gets an Attack Token as indicated by the sword in the image above and means you can declare attackers to initiate combat.

The player who goes 2nd has the shield icon to represent that they are on the defensive side of a round if the player with the Attack Token decides to initiate combat.

Within a round, players take turns taking actions. These include:

  • Summoning a unit with mana.
  • Playing a spell with mana.
  • Declaring attackers (if attacking)
  • Declaring blockers (if defending)

Once you take an action, your turn ends. After two players pass their turn without taking any actions, the round ends.

If you end the round without using your Attack Token then you lose it.

This continues until both players pass their turn, then the next round begins. The player who went second gets an Attack Token and starts the round.

Mana Banking (Spell Mana)

Another unique feature of LOR is that any unused mana from previous rounds is saved (up to a max of 3). This banked mana can only be used to cast spells and allows every deck access to a form of “ramp”. This gives you flexibility to think ahead and choose to pass a turn so you can use a more expensive card ahead of their normal curve for example.

Mana system

In the image above, the blue player has 4 mana with 2 spell mana saved from their previous turn. After playing the Vanguard Sergent (which costs 3 mana), they would have 1 regular mana and 2 spell mana left over. The blue player could then play a 3-mana spell.

When you cast a spell, the spell mana is always spent first before your normal mana. Any unused spell mana will be saved until you use it.

Spell Speed (Slow, Fast, and Burst)

LoR spells, Slow, Fast, Burst

Combat (Attacking, Blocking, and Damage)

Attacking

As we mentioned above, the player who goes first in a round gets the Attack Token which allows the player to initiate combat during their round.

attack token used

Above we see that the blue player initiated combat by declaring attackers so the Attack Token is spent. If you use your Attack Token you may choose which creatures will be attacking and their position order from left to right.

This is important because the creatures on the left will attack first and any effects they have will happen before subsequent attacks, allowing the last attackers to benefit. In the example above, Shen used his ability to give the Silent Shadowseer a Barrier shield (more on effect keywords later).

During combat, players cannot play creatures but they can cast certain spells such as buffs and removal (see the spell section).

Blocking

After a player initiates an attack, the defender can choose to block the attacks with their own creatures.

blocking example

Each attacker can only be blocked by one defender. If the defender chooses not to block, their Nexus will take direct damage.

Once a creature is declared as a blocker, your Nexus will not take damage from the attacking unit even if the blocking unit is killed by a spell.

Damage

All damage is resolved in order from left to right. If a creature’s Power equals or exceeds a creature’s Health, the creature receiving damage will die.

Units do not regain their Health at the end of a turn or round. Damage taken is permanent unless Health is restored by another source or a unit’s health is buffed.

Combat and Spells in LoR

In summary, here’s how everything looks with rounds and combat:

Rounds and Turns

Regions and Champions

In LoR, you can use any 40 cards to create your deck but can only contain six champions and the deck can only be made from a maximum of two regions.

The six playable regions are:

Each region has specific strengths and weaknesses as well as unique keywords and gameplay elements. Click on any faction above to learn more about them or check out our region overview to see summaries for each of them.

Champions

It’s only natural that a card game based on League of Legends would have champions! Champions are powerful cards with game-breaking abilities that you can often build entire decks around.

So far, every faction has four champions:

Demacia

Demacia - Champions

Freljord

Freljord champions

Ionia

Ionian Champions

Noxus

Noxus - Champions

Piltover & Zaun

Piltover & Zaun Champions

Shadow Isles

Shadow Isles champions

Champion Mechanics

Every champion has a specific condition that allows them to level up and gain powerful abilities. Let’s use Darius as an example.

Noxus - Darius

Darius levels up when the enemy Nexus is at or below 10 Health. This means that if you play Darius when the enemy Nexus is at or below 10 Health or if he is on the board when the enemy Nexus goes below 10 HP he will level up. When you succeed, he’ll transform and become a 10|5 instead of a 6|5. Other champions will gain more complex effects, we’re just using Darius as an easy example so be sure to check them out.

Noxus - Darius Leveled Up

Once a champion levels up, ALL copies that you play or are in your hand and deck will also become the leveled up version. In this case, even if the Nexus goes back above 10hp, Darius will still remain leveled up.

If you have a champion in play, any copy of that champion will turn into the champion’s spell card. In this case, if I have a Darius in play then the Darius card in my hand will turn into Darius’s Decimate.

Noxus - Darius's Decimate (champion spell)

If Darius leaves play then the spell cards revert back to champion. This prevents you from having multiple of the same champion in play.

With all of that said, there are a few ways to get multiple of the same champion in play. Namely, you have to use effects that summon cards from your deck directly into play like Warmother’s Call or Thresh.

Shadow Isles - Thresh Leveled Up

Keywords + Examples

In every card game, there are “keywords” that refer to different effects found on specific cards. Some decks are built around emphasizing certain keyword strengths and synergies.

In this section, we’ll tell you all the keywords (in alphabetical order) in LoR and provide examples of a card for each.

Allegiance

Demacia - Vanguard Bannerman

  • When you summon this, it gets its bonus if the top card of your deck matches its region.
  • Notes: Great keyword when you’re running a single region (mono) deck.

Attack

Ionia - Zed Leveled Up

  • Effect triggers in combat when the unit is attacking.

Barrier

Demacia - Brightsteel Protector and Prismatic Barrier

  • Negates the next damage the unit would take. Lasts one round.
  • Notes: Similar to Divine Shield from Hearthstone.

Capture

Demacia - Mageseeker Investigator and Detain

  • A Captured card is removed from the game. It returns when the Capturing unit leaves play.
  • Notes: Similar to enchantments from Magic the Gathering that prevent a creature from interacting or being interacted with until it is removed.

Can’t Block

Noxus - Legion Rearguard

  • An effect that prevents a unit from blocking.

Challenger

Demacia - Fiora Leveled Up

  • Allows you to choose which enemy unit blocks by dragging an opponent into blocking position.

Double Attack

Demacia - Senna, Sentinel of Light

  • While attacking, it strikes both before AND at the same time as its blocker.

Drain

Shadow Isles - Vile Feast, Grasp of the Undying, Withering Wail

  • Heal friendly Nexus for the amount of damage dealt.
  • Usually used with spells while Lifesteal involves unit combat.

Elusive

Ionia - WIndfarer Hatchling

  • Can only be blocked by an Elusive unit.
  • Notes: Similar to flying in Magic the Gathering.

Enlightened

Ionia - Karma

  • You’re Enlightened when you have 10 max mana.

Ephemeral

Ionia - Shadow Fiend and Death Mark

  • This unit dies when it strikes or when the round ends.

Fearsome

Shadow Isles - Elise

  • Can only be blocked by enemies with 3 or more attack.

Fleeting

Piltover & Zaun - Ezreal

  • Causes a card to be discarded at the end of the round if it isn’t used.

Frostbite

Freljord - Icevale Archer and Shatter

  • Set a unit’s Power to 0 during a round.
  • Note: A unit can be buffed during the round after it has been frostbitten

Last Breath

Shadow Isles - Cursed Keeper

  • These abilities take effect when the unit dies.

Lifesteal

Ionia - Herald of Spring and Kinkou Lifeblade

  • Damage dealt by the unit heals its allied Nexus.

Nexus Strike

Ionia - Ezreal Leveled Up

  • An effect occurs when a unit Strikes the enemy Nexus.

Overwhelm

Shadow Isles - Hecarim Leveled Up

  • Excess damage deal to blocker is dealt to enemy Nexus.

Play

Noxus - Draven

  • An effect that occurs when a card is played.

Quick Attack

Noxus - Katarina

  • While attacking, strikes before its blocker.

Regeneration

Demacia - Garen

  • Unit heals fully at the start of each round.

Skill

Noxus - Crimson Pact (Vladimir skill)

  • An ability from a unit that you can respond to.

Strike

Ionia - Greenglade Lookout

  • An effect occurs when unit deals damage with their Power.
  • It does not work for units with 0 Power.

Stun

Noxus - Decisive Maneuver and Intimidating Roar

  • Stun removes a unit from combat. It cannot attack or block for the rest of the round.

Support

Ionia - Shen

  • Gives an effect to the unit positioned to the right of this unit if this unit is attacking.

Tough

Demacia - Vanguard Defender and Radiant Guardian

  • Takes 1 less damage from all sources.

Trap

Piltover & Zaun - Poison Puffcap

  • Attaches to another card, trapping it. When the trapped card is drawn, perform the effect.

Closing Thoughts

We hope you enjoyed our guide! Be sure to check out our Legends of Runeterra site and subscribe to our email list to keep up with all the latest LoR content.